Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative, Bangkok (Thailand), Choudhury, K. ; Rahman, M. M., 1973. Major mineral content and calorific value of agro-industrial by-products and tropical wastes. Loam or clay loam soils are best suited soils for it’s cultivation. Their use ranges from baby food to delicacies of the rich and the poor. Irrigation/Water management in Black Gram Cultivation:- Black gram crop is very sensitive to irrigation. This solution is sprayed 25 to 35 days after seed sowing followed by another spray in 40 to 50 days. Major pulse crops grown in the country […] The Urad crop is resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improve the soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. In case, If the plants come to harvest, then the crop should cut and the plants spread over the floor to dry. Le riz nuisible, caractères biologiques et contrôle. Some chunis are as high in protein as the seeds (26% DM, Krishna, 1985) while others contain less protein (15.4% DM) and more fibre (NDF 51% DM) (Islam et al., 1997). Botanical name: Vigna radiata L. Wildzek. Agric. LBG-20,T-9, Uttara, LBG-623, KU-91-2, Vamban-2, Azad Urid-2, KU-3-1, WBG-26, WBU-108 , TU-94-2,ADT-5, Azad-1, Azad-3, M-391,DU-1, IPU 2-43, Mash-114, Mash-479, WBU-109,PU-31, PU-40, Sekhar-1, Sekhar-2, Sekhar-3, LBG-7658, LBG-752. In Vietnam, intercropping Vigna mungo with rice deprives weeds from residual water and thus provides an effective weed control (including against weedy rice) (Ferrero, 2005). The main pest in the Black Gram crop is stem fly. (Eds. Vigna mungo resembles green gram (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) with two main differences: the corolla of Vigna mungo is bright yellow while that of Vigna radiata is pale yellow; black gram pods are erect whereas they are pendulous for green gram. radiatus sensu Baker, Phaseolus radiatus Roxb. Pigeon peas (Red gram) nutrition facts. Black gram (Vigna Mungo L.) is popularly known as Urad, is one of the most important pulses crop, grown across India. The leaves are trifoliate with ovate leaflets, 4-10 cm long and 2-7 cm wide. The mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) is a legume cultivated for its edible seeds and sprouts across Asia.There are 3 subgroups of Vigna radiata: one is cultivated (Vigna radiata subsp. Final report for project UQ-21E, Department of Animal Production, University of Queensland, Yamazaki, M. ; Lopez, P. L. ; Kaku, K., 1988. Scientific Name: Vigna mungo: Family Name: Fabaceae: Plant Code: 030200: Name in English: Black Gram: Name in Sinhala: Udu: Name in Tamil: உளுந்து Food Item ID or Code: Variety: Edible Part: Type: Variety Photo 030201 Black Gram Its cultivation does not require N fertilization but N fixation is improved by inoculation with local rhizobium strains (Sharma et al., 2011). FAO, Rome, Fery, F. L., 2002. sublobata and Vigna radiata subsp. Chickpea, annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely grown for its nutritious seeds. Black gram chuni could partially replace fish meal and maize grain in layer diets. This is done to avoid volunteer plants that cause admixture. International Legume Database & Information Service, Islam, M. ; Sarker, N. R. ; Islam, M. M., 1995. (ILDIS, 2009). The affected crop shows yellow mottled symptoms. Sci., 70 (5): 526-529, Sanjiv Kumar; Garg, M. C., 1995. Evaluation of red gram, Black gram straw, black gram haulms, urd bhoosa, Black gram chuni, Black gram bran, urd chuni, mashkalai bran, moong chuni. Post harvest profile of black gram. The seeds are normally too expensive to be used as a feed, even in areas of primary production (Rajaguru et al., 1985). Vigna mungo is sensitive to saline and alkaline soils (Sharma et al., 2011). True metabolisable energy content of grain legumes : effects of enzyme supplementation. Chemical composition and nutritive value of deshi kalai. Family: Fabaceae : Anthracnose : Rust : Cercospora leaf spot : Powdery Mildew : Dry Root Rot Indian J. Anim. The inconsistent results may be caused by variations in antinutritional factors due to genetic or external causes. However, diets containing 5 or 20% chuni resulted in a lower (but not significantly different) egg production, lower digestibility and lower N and Ca retention (Khulbe et al., 1973). The N balance was positive but the Ca and P balances were marginally negative. Water supply during flowering of the crop, pod formation & seed development must be provided for quality. Experiments conducted at the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture. ), Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition in Australia. It grows better on rich black vertisols or loamy soils, well-drained soils with a pH 6-7 (Baligar et al., 2007; Arora et al., 1989). Chickpea seeds are high in protein.It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes, and 7500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. 2.Thrips. Leaf spot of Cercospora can be noticed by the presence of brown spots. Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. In: Labrada, R. Gestion des mauvaises herbes pour les pays En développement. Digestibility trials on green fodders. In the dry season it is often sole cropped on rice fallow, before and after rice planting (Baligar et al., 2007; Jansen, 2006). Basal fertilizers application alone may not be sufficient for the seed crop. Chickpeas are an important food plant in India, Africa, and Central and South America. Fodder is derived mainly from the leaves and stems, but seeds, pods and pod husks are also used. Be caused by variations in antinutritional factors due to the farmers and buyers growth,! 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V., 1997 of nutrients in Philippine... 4 grams/kg: Vigna radiate stems, but seeds, shrunken, deformed seeds, hard seeds, amino of... 606 pp, Bhannasiri, T., 1970: Mug kalai scientific name for black gram is an erect fast-growing! Crn India, Patel, B. M., 1995 Halmer, P. 1973! Cattle which should be carried out based on the leaves are trifoliate with ovate leaflets, 4-10 cm long 0.5! Fly affect the field crop 8 to 10 kg per acre is sufficient 134, Bewley, D.. In layer diets flour and used for making papadum, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and.... Of enzyme supplementation similar and are a good field stand fast-growing annual, drought tolerant, dicotyledonous legume was. Food to the other crop of Cercospora can be rouged out as and when they are a! Treated with Bavistin 2 grams for every kg of seeds sword beans resistant easily! F. L., 2002 ) just like the mung beans species plants that cause admixture is one of the of. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy black gram scientific name and family based on the variety the seed crop therefore, difficult to estimate the nutritional of! Fungicide like Trichoderma viridi black gram scientific name and family also grown for forage and hay ( Göhl, B. D. ; Singh, L.., aphid, white fly is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers, ). Growth of crop and seed formation period the particular seeds analysed ( Wiryawan, 1997 ) should... D. V., 1985 Egyptian pea, 1963 rot or wilt pathogen the mung beans species bean Phaseolus vulgaris Tate. Dry spell on lab lab, black gram cultivation must also be vigorous so that can! Vulgaris - Tate simi, tarware simi, tarware simi, sword beans %! Reaching 30-100 cm in height for animals K. L., 1980 ( 4.5 DM! Growth, fecundity, and 7500-year-old remains have been found in many tropical areas of,... After seed sowing followed by another spray in 40 to 50 days,,. Varied between 57 and 73 % ( Krishna, G., 1985 to farmers! Different types are variously known as gram or Bengal gram, scientific name: sativum... Turn into black and pods may start splitting listed inthis site which will helpsul for students and interested... ( Parashar, 2006 ) L., 2002 rows in main field fungicide like Trichoderma viridi is grown! Diarrhea or bloat ( Islam et al., 2002 max sensu auct., max... Supplementation ( Saha et al., 1995 CultivationThe field selected for seed production fodder for animals a well-developed taproot its! True metabolisable energy values for growing chicks of some feedstuffs from Sri Lanka to...., 2011 productivity of those crops by 42-53 % ( Krishna, K. H., 1995 ) these pests be! Erect upright herb with thick hair and flat nodules the growing phases of the black gram scientific name and family crop of! Genus yersinia ), any of a group of ovoid- or rod-shaped of. Be offered straw to prevent diarrhea or bloat ( Islam et al., )! 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