Imagine two exactly similar deer. This useful formula will help you determine your deer's estimated live weight, field dressed weight, hanging weight and edible meat weight. [8], Some authorities have recognized O. h. crooki as a senior synonym of O. h. eremicus, but the type specimen of the former is a hybrid between the mule deer and white-tailed deer, so the name O. h. crooki is invalid. Are mule deer threatened? The female deer are smaller than the male. Each spring, a buck's antlers start to regrow almost immediately after the old antlers are shed. [17], Besides humans, the three leading predators of mule deer are coyotes, wolves, and cougars. I have seen skinny deer with chest girths much bigger than plumper deer. Live Weight= Hanging Weight * 1.68 Live Weight = 100 Lbs * 1.68 [22][23] In the Sierra Nevada range, mule deer depend on the lichen Bryoria fremontii as a winter food source.[24]. For instance, the evaluated entire weight for a field-dressed deer having a weight of 105 pounds is 134 pounds. In fact, let the two animals be perfect mirror images of each other. Some deer are skinny with large girths. A field dressing mule deer weighs 70.4% of live weight on average. Deer is put on sensitive scales as it breathes its last. Although a neck-shot mature buck can yield a big amount of steaks, chops,hamburger and stew meat, the amount of meat seems minuscule when compared to the meat yield of domestic animals.All animals are built a little different. Late December. We will look at the most accurate deer weight estimation techniques further below. [1][5][6][7][9][34] Mule deer apparently evolved from the black-tailed deer. Availability of food, therefore, determines how much does a deer weigh. [18] The studies[19] gave these data for Rocky Mountain mule deer diets:[20], The diets of mule deer are very similar to those of white-tailed deer in areas where they coexist. Edible meat from a deer is affected by too many factors. The accepted range of weight is; Deer weights have, however, been recorded to exceed the accepted ranges. This is the weight of the animal after partially butchered to remove the internal organs, the head, and other undesirable portions such as the feet, legs, head, and tail. The most common plant species consumed by mule deer are: Mule deer have also been known to eat ricegrass, gramagrass, and needlegrass, as well as bearberry, bitter cherry, black oak, California buckeye, ceanothus, cedar, cliffrose, cottonwood, creek dogwood, creeping barberry, dogwood, Douglas fir, elderberry, Fendlera species, goldeneye, holly-leaf buckthorn, jack pine, knotweed, Kohleria species, manzanita, mesquite, pine, rabbitbrush, ragweed, redberry, scrub oak, serviceberry (including Pacific serviceberry), Sierra juniper, silktassel, snowberry, stonecrop, sunflower, tesota, thimbleberry, turbinella oak, velvet elder, western chokecherry, wild cherry, and wild oats. A lot of hunters still want to know just that, especially up in Maine where a 200 is a much sought after 200-hundred pounda. Mule deer are found in Western North America and parts of South America. Female white-tailed deer, which are referred to as cows or does, weigh anywhere from 90 pounds to 200 pounds. An extremely large buck can stand 42 inches at the shoulder, measure 7 feet long and weigh up to 330 pounds, with the average mature buck usually weighing between 200-250 pounds. It assumes that there is a definite co-relation between girth and mass. Rumination time also increases when deer consume high-fiber, low-starch diets, which allows for increased nutrient acquisition due to greater length of fermentation. Mule deer antlers are also generally larger than a whitetail’s, which is more than likely related to the fact that antlers are primarily a sexual display ornament like a male salmon’s toothy kyped jaw or a male lion’s mane. Young fawns are also smaller and weigh less than adults. If you’re on your first hunt, you might be surprised to know that the average buck weighs around a hundred and fifty pounds or so, while does will mostly range about a hundred pounds. In many cases, body size is also a key difference. Deer Of The Same Age Tend To Share Chest-Girth Measurements, How Much Does Deer Weigh: Meat to Weight Relationships, 1. Most deer hunters field dress their game prior to bringing it in from the field. [10][11][12][13], Unlike the white-tailed, the mule deer does not generally show marked size variation across its range, although environmental conditions can cause considerable weight fluctuations in any given population. [18][20], Mule deer readily adapt to agricultural products and landscape plantings. Deer consuming high-fiber, low-starch diets require less food than those consuming high-starch, low-fiber diets. IMHO the ONLY way you can get that kind of spread shrinkage is to store the antlers in that manner. Mule deer females usually give birth to two fawns, although if it is their first time having a fawn, they often have just one. Stop guessing your deer's weight. Did one yesterday 8x26. Answer Save. Does may mate with more than one buck and go back into estrus within a month if they did not become pregnant. Image Credit: http://www.pgc.pa.gov/Wildlife/WildlifeSpecies/White-tailedDeer/Pages/DeerWeightChart.aspx. By misjudging field-dressed weights of whitetails, hunters often have unrealistic expectations of how much venison they should receive from their butcher. Central American white-tailed deer prefer tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf ... the males do much less traveling looking for females, else they will be subject to overheating or dehydrating. peninsulae. Release is a Scott string loop. Many aspects combine to determine venison yields. The co-relation may be present but, not always. [25] Where available, mule deer also eat a variety of wild mushrooms, which are most abundant in late summer and fall in the southern Rocky Mountains; mushrooms provide moisture, protein, phosphorus, and potassium. If you have hunted across states, you know the average deer weight by state is anything but constant. This race is markedly smaller than other mule deer, with an average weight of 54.5 kg (120 lb) and 36 kg (79 lb) in males and females, respectively. The average weight can go up by about twenty pounds or so depending on the area you’re hunting in, but whitetail really aren’t that large of an animal. I have heard of impractical attempts to find out how much does life weigh. Only the underside of the white-tailed deer’s tail is white, while the mule deer’s tail is all-white with a black tip and is much smaller. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated. Sheds or antler’s value is based on six primary factors, which we will cover below. The mule deer is the larger of the two Odocoileus species on average, with a height of 80–106 cm (31–42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). The typical mature whitetail buck in Illinois will weigh in at around 200 pounds, while mature Colorado mule deer bucks commonly weigh over 250 pounds. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule. The form, hide and horns is about all there is . If the Hanging Weight of a carcass is 100 Lbs, the live weight of the deer was approximately 168 Lbs. [15], A buck's antlers fall off during the winter, then grow again in preparation for the next season's rut. Outdoorever.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. If that is the kind of weight you were after, keep on searching. 1 Description 2 Features 3 Need Zone Times (Parque Fernando or silver ridge peaks Schedule) 4 Integrity 5 Fur variants 6 Trivia and Patches The mule deer (Odoncucoileus hemoionus) is a species of deer named for its ears, which bear a resemblance to the large ears of a mule. Relevance. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they "fork" as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-taileds. it is not uncommon for mule deer to weigh over 200 lbs on the hook in the peace country. Even a 220 pounder is a very nice bear but out of 30 to 40 bear kills a year we do kill 1 to 5 bears that weigh around the 400 lb mark. While native to Western North America, the mule … 125-130 pounds*****Mules can be various weights depending on their size. 47.5 inches. You can see in the table that does are considerably lighter than bucks and range between 85 – 130 lbs field dressed. Deer weight charts founded on the girth method give false readings on many occasions. A large mule deer buck will be in the 120-200lbs and you can have 65-80lbs of meat, the buck very a lot but the large, rutted up bucks will weigh in at the same as a yearling cow elk. That translates to meat yield being about 44% of the Live Weight which is very true. Since that is not practical for the average hunter, let us look at some proven deer weight to meat ratio. When is mule deer breeding season? That is weighed on a scale. Mistakes like poor deer shot placements can also greatly affect the final edible meat yield. Seven months (210 days) … North American male deer (also known as a buck) usually weigh 68 to 136 kg ... white-tailed deer are shy and more reclusive than the coexisting mule deer, elk, and moose. HOW MUCH DID YOUR DEER WEIGH? I only hunt mule deer, so I can get away with less poundage and lighter arrows. It can be hunted in the Te Awaroa and Layton Lakes. Live Weight = Hanging Weight * 1.68 (1.33*1.26= 1.6758, rounded off to two decimal places 1.68) If the Hanging Weight of a carcass is 100 Lbs, the live weight of the deer was approximately 168 Lbs. Bifurcated means the antlers usually form a back fork. Field-dressed, the deer weighed 402 pounds. If the girth method must be used, the girth-charts should be state/ region specific to improve accuracy. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 2.27, http://www.pgc.pa.gov/Wildlife/WildlifeSpecies/White-tailedDeer/Pages/DeerWeightChart.aspx. Mule deer are the largest of the five types of deer (mule, whitetail, Columbia blacktail, Sitka blacktail, and Couses') in North America. Another factor for the strength in rutting activity is … During full rut though, the necks can get massive. The Rocky Mountain mule deer, most common and largest of the black-tailed deer, will go up to about 380 pounds. How long is mule deer gestation period? I have a resigned Farrell R Collett and numbered 4/10 1980 print of a mule deer for the Ruffed … On environments, regions with enough food and sparsely populated deer produce heavy deer. By misjudging field-dressed weights of whitetails, hunters often have unrealistic expectations of how much venison they should receive from their butcher. Usually the chest girth is 48 to 52 inches. For example when the neck is well de-boned and innards, like the heart included in the meat, edible meat weight shoots up. This line meets the vertical pivot at the evaluated entire weight. The annual cycle of antler growth is regulated by changes in the length of the day. Adult males, called bucks, weigh around 200 lbs (91 kg), while does, adult females, weigh around 130 lbs (59 kg) Color: Their pelage ranges from reddish to brown, light or dark ash-gray, to even a dark brownish gray Size: Large males stand up to 3 ft (1 m) at the shoulder Distribution: Common in the states of … I have weighed freshly harvested deer and weighed the meat yielded. The chart below will help you estimate your deer's live weight, field dressed weight and also edible meat weight. Such research is far from being accepted into the mainstream circles. David Long. The head, hide, some neck and inedible leg portions are removed. A 100 Lbs field dressed carcass belongs to a 126 Lbs deer. [14], In addition to movements related to available shelter and food, the breeding cycle is important in understanding deer behavior. Let me walk you through how this formula came about. The weight varies across sexes, age, environments, and deer species. dumdum. Others are full of meat but with smaller girths. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. remember these deer up here are mostly found in the ag zone and are basically grain fed most of their lives. 44% give or take 1% in the very extreme is usually true. The state Conservation Department calculated its live weight to be 511 pounds. how much do antlers shrink Discussion in 'Deer and Gameheads' started by striker12, Mar 30, 2010. The mule deer's tail is black-tipped, whereas the white-tailed deer's is not. how much does a whitetail deer shoulder mount weigh? The chest girth of deer of the same age is relatively constant even across states. 10 to 15 lbs . Shedding typically takes place in mid-February, with variations occurring by locale. It is the weight we target with the question, “How much do deer weigh?”. Though very popular among many hunters, the method has three main shortcomings. The chest-girth method is popular because it does not incorporate a lot of calculation. the inside is hollow . [15] The survival rate of the fawns during labor is about 50%. Bobcats, Canada lynx, wolverines, American black bears, and grizzly bears may prey upon adult deer, but most often only attack fawns or infirm specimens, or eat a deer after it has died naturally. When it comes to weight, mule deer rate somewhat with the whitetail. 125-300. Lv 7. 8 years ago. Young deer are known as fawns or calves, and they weigh anywhere from 4 to 8 pounds when they are born. The difference is attributed to the fact that the two deer are of different species. Always check the latest hunting gears out in the market and try to share his honest opinion with the audience in OUTDOOR EVER. Hanging … [15][17], The size of mule deer groups follows a marked seasonal pattern. 10-30-2010, 09:03 AM. The girth method does not take this into consideration. Have you ever wondered how much does a deer weigh? proteins, starches, sugars, and hemicellulose) than those consumed in the winter. 2 0. crowding) is about seven. Even on 3 1/2 yr. old deer. The average gross energy content of the consumed forage material is 4.5 kcal/g. If, however, you want to find an answer for the age old how much does a deer weigh question, any of the formulae above will prove very useful. Hanging Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 (Assuming good shot placement, processing, and deboning), Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 * 1.68 (Since Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 = Hanging Weight), Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 2.26 ( 1.35* 1.68 = 2.268 Rounded to two decimal places =2.27). As a result, the only weight many hunters obtain for their deer is a field-dressed weight, leaving the whole weight of their quarry unknown. Mule deer have also been introduced to Argentina and Kauai, Hawaii.[5]. Since most of these deer will be field dressed before being checked out and weighed, many hunters are curious as to how much their deer would have weighed whole. Lake Streeter, A Gun enthusiast, and loves to hunt in the middle of the wood. Live Weight: X 78% = 78 Lbs. [9] This may be the result of introgression, although hybrids between the mule deer and white-tailed deer are rare in the wild (apparently more common locally in West Texas), and the hybrid survival rate is low even in captivity. [30] Because some of the subspecies of mule deer are migratory, they encounter variable habitats and forage quality throughout the year. If you have 50 Lbs of edible meat from a buck and you are wondering how much does a buck weigh, here is how to find out. [32] Due to fluctuations in forage quality and availability, mule deer fat storage varies throughout the year, with the most fat stored in October, which is depleted throughout the winter to the lowest levels of fat storage in March. [1][5][6][7][8][9], Unlike the related white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), which is found through most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains and in the valleys of the Rocky Mountains from Idaho and Wyoming northward, mule deer are only found on the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and on the west coast of North America. The ratio of the blood weight to meat weight to the bone weight of all deer is relatively constant. Before I delve into this ratio, let me explain why you should be careful with this calculation. For hogs, almost everything is used - bacon, hocks, etc. Two subspecies of mule deer are grouped into the black-tailed deer. The average deer is about 200 pounds. Wildlife agencies discourage such efforts, which cause harm to mule deer populations by spreading disease (such as tuberculosis and chronic wasting disease) when deer congregate for feed, disrupting migratory patterns, causing overpopulation of local mule deer populations, and cause habitat destruction overbrowsing of shrubs and forbs. This process usually involves removing the entrails, reproductive tract, heart, lungs, diaphragm and part of the esophagus. [8][9] Many claims of observations of wild hybrids are not legitimate, as identification based on external features is complicated. This weight is the weight of a living breathing deer. The first group includes all subspecies, except O. h. columbianus and O. h. sitkensis, which are in the black-tailed deer group. Mid November- mid February. The Mule Deer is a class 9 deer. During this year's hunting seasons there are expected to be more than 150,000 deer harvested across the state, according to the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA). This weight can vary greatly depending on how deer was shot and processed. An exception to this is the Sitka deer subspecies (O. h. sitkensis). A fawn's age can generally be foretold by its spots because fawns lose their spots by the age of 4 months. What does that mean? Adult bucks normally weigh 55–150 kg (121–331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), although trophy specimens may weigh up to 210 kg (460 lb). Does (female deer) are smaller and typically weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), with an average of around 68 kg (150 lb). They can weigh between 130-280 pounds. Supplemental feeding efforts might be appropriate when carefully conducted under limited circumstances, but to be successful, the feeding must begin early in the severe winter (before poor range conditions and severe weather cause malnourishment or starvation) and must be continued until range conditions can support the herd. Although capable of running, mule deer are often seen stotting (also called pronking), with all four feet coming down together. Changes in hormone levels are indications of physiological adjustments to the changes in the habitat. It is noted that 95% of grown-up deer having a weight of 105-pound would have entire weights somewhere around 126 and 141 pounds. The following chart can be … What is the record spread for mule deer? Another mechanism to determine deer weight should, therefore, be used. [27][28] Reported mean group size measurements are three to five and typical group size (i.e. 20 to 25 lbs would be close to the norm. 2. The larges buck mule deer I've seen was 232 on the rail. It is not the best estimation technique for how much do deer weigh but then again, it is more accurate than the chest-girth method. Also known as: Blacktail deer, Columbian black-tailed deer: Description: Weight:. No, mule deer are not threatened by extinction, if that's what you mean by are mule threatened. Since hunters rarely transport their harvests whole, we will have to contend with means to determine live weight from processed deer. Each spring, a lot depends on the girth method must be.. The girth-charts should be state/ region specific to improve accuracy the estimated live to. Not take this into consideration seen was 232 on the girth method false. Range between 85 – 130 lbs field dressed weight * 1.68 the average deer 82 lbs gutted and,. The ONLY way you can see in the very extreme is usually true start to how much does a mule deer weigh almost immediately the... 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Lungs, diaphragm and part of the subspecies of mule deer are of different..