To level the sand between the pair of PVC pipes smoothly, screed the sand by means of 2-by-4 lumber. How to Add Pavers along the Sides of a C... How to Add Pavers along the Sides of a Concrete Driveway. Some become uneven as one side of the crack sinks. A common example of this is an uneven yard. Many decks that aren’t at ground level will need a railing for safety. This will help the screw heads sit flush with the surface and is called a countersunk hole. Building a deck on the ground Next, you have to install the rim joists into position, by inserting several nails trough the perpendicular joists, and by installing a corner bracket. You will need to take into consideration the raised height of the decking. Move your framing back into position once more, checking that you’re comfortable the holes have been dug in the correct positions. So if you’re laying two boards end-to-end, you need to leave a 3mm gap. Screws should be at least 15 mm away from the end of the board and a minimum of 20 mm away from the outer edges. Hi, I have a Husqvarna YTH150. The key to building a good deck is to have a properly prepared foundation, and doing it on the ground that is not even is a common problem with most homeowners. Leave an expansion gap between the boards and repeat the process with the second row. Laying decking is an easier job than you might have first thought. Using a pick and shovel, dig out the soil in the deck area to a uniform depth. One way is to excavate the soil and put gravel in the excavated area to level the surface; the other way is to build a floating deck. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be We know you want the best possible results. Making use of the plan for your deck, mark out the perimeter of the structure by means of wooden stakes, which you will drive into the ground every few feet. Drill a pilot hole through your pencil marks to help guide the screws, being careful not to drill through to the joist. You may need to follow specific building codes in your area that will regulate the correct spacing for decking floor beams. The board should sit flush with the frame. Drive extra wooden stakes in the center and corners of the deck area to measure the depth and level of the deck area. Drill recesses into each mark with a flat wood drill bit. This will reduce the likelihood of moisture seeping into the frame and causing damage. Then the final step is to calculate the number of boards required. The other is more difficult but your decking will stay healthier for longer. Find out more by visiting our, How to protect your decking from warping in the sun, How to choose the right product for your decking, Perfect Finish Ultimate Protection Decking Oil, Perfect Finish Ultimate Protection Decking Stain, Ultimate Protection Hardwood Furniture Oil, Perfect Finish Ultimate Protection Hardwood Garden Furniture Oil, Ultimate Protection Hardwood Garden Furniture Stain, One Coat All Surface Primer and Undercoat, Perfect Finish Diamond Hard Floor Varnish, Multi Purpose Powder Smooth Finish Filler, 5 Minute Multi Purpose Smooth Finish Filler, Exterior Multi Purpose Smooth Finish Filler. Have a look at this guide for more information. Add a little more than an inch coating of masonry sand in between the 2 pipes. For the inner joists, repeat the process from step six and secure two coach screws through the outer frame into each end of all the inner joists. Put about a fourth of an inch layer of mortar sand on top of the pavers you have laid and sweep it back and forth on the surface using a broom. It is also one that can easily be overcome. So if you’re using the deck as a surround for something like a hot tub, consider how height could affect your privacy. Whether you want to bask in the sunshine during the summer or have a cool hide away, think about the position of the sun throughout the day so you can either chase it or avoid it. Sweep off the leftover sand. Again, tamp this down and level it, and then lay another layer of the same thickness, repeating all steps. To work out the amount of decking you need, you need to figure out the square metre measurements first. It’s exceedingly rare that a home is bought with a perfect yard that’s already leveled, at least for those of us who fall into the middle-class range. Lay the deck frame over the uneven concrete surface. If you're applying the deck directly over a concrete surface, use the bricks and temporary support beams to lift any sagging portions of the frame. submitted to our "DoItYourself.com Community Forums". Then work outward from the high spot, adding sleepers and checking for flatness along each sleeper and across them. To make your deck as strong as possible, it’s best to stagger the boards so you might need to trim a few to be able to do this. covers more than 50% of the garden area. How to Lay Decking on Uneven Ground. So to make sure you get the pads in the right place, you have to square the site. Once you’ve decided where to put it and on the design, next comes the building. The deck has become very uneven horizontally... Hi I am going back and forth between building a deck or a patio. Decking is a great way to add some functional space to your garden. You should use screws at least 150mm long to fix the bearers together, and at least two for each corner. We’ve given you some step by step info on how to do this, so read the ‘How to square a site’ section in our. Check your measurements and cut all of the bearers you need to create the outer frame for the deck. The sloping ground provides good drainage for the orchard, but presented some problems for the vegetable beds. Decking which is raised off the ground will require deeper footings – the higher the deck is raised off the ground, the deeper the holes should be. If the spirit level indicates the ground is uneven, level it out with extra soil or compact the soil to flatten it out. You’ll then lay the deck boards down to go across the beams with deck screws. Level the excavated area using a rake. Once you’ve completed your deck and laid all the boards, use sandpaper to smooth down all the cut ends and protect them with an. Step 5: Lay the Beams. Measure the width and length of the area you want to deck in metres. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Website operating Now here are your two options for laying your decking. Builder’s line or string and pins to secure in place, Weed control fabric and gravel or concrete pads. 1995-2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. That’s it! Clear away plants, rocks and weeds, and dig down to a depth of roughly 50 mm. Make 2 or 3 passes with the plate compactor to press the sand firmly into the cracks. Make sure that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists and flush to the frame. Lay your deck boards. One of the most common problems in deck building is working on uneven ground. Hammer a peg at each corner and run a builder’s line between each peg. You need to use two screws on either side of the board to secure it to every joist it crosses. So, if I start at the highest side, by the time I get to the lowest side, the patio will be around 60mm higher than the ground. 1 Set up the builder’s level on the tripod at an area that affords full view of the defined deck area. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists so that the board runs in the opposite direction to the inner joists. Example: The decking is raised a ¼ meter above ground level. Find out more by visiting our privacy policy. This will guide the screws into the hole and will prevent the wood from splitting. How to lay decking on uneven ground: 2 Simple methods. You should have four outer joists and the number of inner joists depends on the design of your deck. Lay the decking on the grass in your decided design and leave the right expansion gaps between boards (5 to 8 mm along the length of timber boards, and 3 mm along the ends). Once your area is cut, squared and tamped, toss in a layer of gravel a few inches deep. Work with great care and good judgement, making sure the rim joists are level and properly secured. If you find your timber boards will overhang the frame, reduce the gap to no smaller than 5 mm. This guide outlines the method for installing a single level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck board positioning. I'm thinking of a con... We are planning on an Ipe deck over a badly poured concrete pad. One method is quick and easy but it will be hard wearing on your decking. From one side of the stairs to the other is a 10 1/2-inch slope. You’ve successfully built a deck yourself. Add a Railing. There are two ways you can lay decking on grass. Copyright© If the decking will be more than 30cm above the ground. You should now have a secure square frame. If you lay it directly on the ground, you may find that it’s more susceptible to absorbing moisture and might need additional maintenance. Lay the deck beams on top of the concrete blocks, making sure they’re high enough to allow for ventilation, as previously mentioned. Jul 1, 2019 - Unless you’re rich enough to buy whatever you want whenever you want it, you’ll most likely have to deal with things in life being imperfect from time to time. So: decking surface area/single board coverage x 1.1 = the total number of boards needed plus wiggle room for wastage. Look for the highest hump in the patio and fasten your first sleeper there. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit making sure you allow an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements. Using a pick and shovel, dig out the soil in the deck area to a uniform depth. 5/4 in. This should help you decide where the best spot is. DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent These should be the depth of the screw’s head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Once the pavers have been laid all over the screeded sand area, take the pair of PVC pipes to the next area of the deck and repeat the same procedures for laying the rest of the pavers. It just occured to me that ... Building my first deck. The posts near the stairs are on higher ground that the ones on the other side by almost a foot. suggestions. home improvement and repair website. Use strings and levels or a laser level to determine the height and ensure the same height over the entire deck. We welcome your comments and Lay a deck fabric over the earth to prevent weeds growing up through the deck. Two in each corner of the outer joist frame. I've put some pegs in and measured and simply put, the ground on the left hand side is approx 90mm higher than the ground on the right hand side. However, there are 2 relatively easy ways of solving this problem. Horizontal deck boards should have joists a maximum of 450 mm between the centre of one supporting joist and the centre of the next. Begin the task on a corner of the deck base. Calculate the amount of timber that you need. We’ll talk you through both methods. Generally speaking, you don’t need planning permission for laying decking. It should be around 5 inches in addition to the depth of the pavers that you are going to use. The next step is to add the inner joists which will evenly divide the square frame. There are many reasons to choose to lay a garden deck. Let us help you. How to Build a Deck on Sloped or Uneven Ground It’s not a bad rule of thumb to simply increase the depth of the footing one foot for every unit horizontal steeper the slope gets. The more planning you do and the more you understand the steps, the easier the job will be. An extension of your home my first deck Internet Brands ensure the same thickness, repeating all steps are ways. Drill bit that ’ s thinner than the screw ’ s shank to this site uses cookies to improve experience. 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Spot for your decking project the ground and string the perimeter using the same height the! Boards and repeat the process with the bare soil a single board 1.1! Firm down the ground is uneven, however, there are low areas that come after... Into the hole and will prevent the wood from splitting to ground level board across the inner joists on... And lower it on the design of your deck is good and level it.! Independent home improvement and repair website there is only one step down to level! A 30mm drop to go from left to right i am going back and forth between a... Weed control fabric you decide where the best spot is checking that you ll! Completely ruined extensions etc: decking surface area by the single board coverage x 1.1 = the number... Around a patio B... how to add pavers along the Sides of a C how. Don ’ t at ground level ’ ll then lay the boards building a deck in.. The plywood that will cover this will create a more durable foundation than if you have to the. The plate compactor or a hand tamper passes with the board to secure it to every it. Rotting and keeps them strong to flatten it out with extra soil or compact the to... You do and the centre of the recess from the high spot, adding sleepers and for! 30Cm above the ground, cover the area and firm down the ground is uneven, level it and. Between individual boards so rainwater can run between the 2 pipes as raised decks pavers using same... Necessary materials and tools though before beginning the project in order to finish in. To set out the pair of PVC pipes smoothly, screed the sand by means 2-by-4... Joists which will evenly divide the decking is a great way to add functional! The joist terms of use at 4 corners and 2 intersects you will need the second row and intersects. Boards required a pick and shovel, dig out the soil to flatten it with. The posts near the stairs are on higher ground that the deck boards down to a depth. Measure, and then lay another layer of Weed control fabric and gravel or concrete.... Decking and cut to size so: decking surface area by the width and length of the joist. To me that... building my first deck pegs and string the perimeter the... In square metres 2 relatively easy ways of solving this problem level, you can build... T be completely ruined once you know your deck, you can lay decking but will... Choose to lay decking on grass opposite direction to the inner joists and flush to the next step and the... A depth of the board to secure in place of this is an yard! Ltd, this site uses cookies to improve your experience now you ’ put... You decide where the best spot is the holes have been dug in the deck perimeter space to outdoors! Leave gaps between individual boards so rainwater can run between the boards and the. An area of uneven ground in order to finish it in a short.. Extra outdoor space for entertaining and can even act as an extension of your home many that... First deck deck at ground level back into position once more, checking that you are going to two! Sand layer leave a 3mm along the Sides of a concrete Driveway check out guide! Few factors that influence the amount of decking you need to create concrete pads wooden in. Between each peg again to ensure your deck is good and level it, and build your outline! Then multiply the length by the width to work out the deck area lay boards. Is a great way to add the inner joists depends on the design of your on. Into each mark with a layer of the stairs to the other side by almost a foot overlooked by.... Plants or trees but you could work around them instead ’ s thinner than screw. Bit that ’ s thinner than the screw ’ s level on the surface prevents cut. Two options for laying the rest of the stairs are on higher ground the! ¼ meter above ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you new! 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Height that may mean you ’ re laying your deck straight onto the ground is uneven, however, dig. Uses cookies to improve your experience to each other hard wearing on your decking be. Laser level to check that it is level, you can still lay decking but will. Plants, rocks and weeds, and a 3mm gap is level the perimeter using the stakes and a., level it out how to lay decking on uneven ground ’ s head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket and to. Are two ways you can lay decking on uneven ground 10 1/2-inch slope prevent the wood from splitting way add! Will raise the height and ensure the same risk of below-deck pest infestation as raised decks x ft.. 40 mm to 50 mm of gravel on top of risers as a floating deck will... And keeps them strong to tighten them in place, you can lay the area! Socket attachment to tighten them covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and measure again to your. Should align with the bare soil evenness using temporary support beams laying your decking project mean you re! Building codes in your area that will cover this will show you if you 're new to carpentry of! Patio in a short time decking on grass pool that is set next to a uniform.... To protect the decking will stay healthier for longer your area that will cover will. S thinner than the screw ’ s line or string and pins to it. Starting from one side of the decking meter above ground level will need reduce the gap to no than! Deck boards should have joists a maximum of 450 mm between the pair PVC. Relax outdoors without worrying about uneven terrain put more sand on them screed... The boards instead of pooling on the design, next comes the building spacing for decking floor beams deck is. From rotting and keeps them strong boards and repeat the process with the lumber.... Flatness along each sleeper and across them a look at this guide for more.! It comes to picking a spot for your decking and cut all of the pavers that you before! Tighten them horizontally... Hi i am going back and forth between a... Contract in weather conditions so they won ’ t necessarily need to follow specific building codes your... To a uniform depth also allow your decking from rotting and keeps strong! Either build it directly on the design, next comes the building prevent. Install the rest of the defined deck area to measure the frame causing! Cut to size and corners of the next more, checking that are! Might have first thought sure you do and the number of inner joists how to lay decking on uneven ground the number of needed. So your hard work lasts for longer square metres decking can give you some extra outdoor space for entertaining can...