The word ferry is of the same origin. On the Hurtigruten, for example! [40] Like fjords, freshwater lakes are often deep. The view from Kjerag plateau, Lysefjord, Norway. The principal mountainous regions where fjords have formed are in the higher middle latitudes and the high latitudes reaching to 80°N (Svalbard, Greenland), where, during the glacial period, many valley glaciers descended to the then-lower sea level. Discover Norway – skifahren, Radfahren und Wandertouren in Norwegen. [4][5], A true fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. Corresponding Author. Often stretching inland for hundreds of kilometres, their vastness is a wonder to behold. Here’s your guide to the very best fjords in Norway. [8] In many cases this sill causes extreme currents and large saltwater rapids (see skookumchuck). 50 Degrees North – unvergessliche, maßgeschneiderte Norwegen-Reisen für kleine Gruppen. The Bay of Kotor in Montenegro has been suggested by some to be a fjord, but is in fact a drowned river canyon or ria. It's 100km inland and as with all fjords this far inland, the water is calm. Phantastische Aussicht über die Berge und den Fjord. These are called skerries. So, pack your bags, book a direct flight to the city of Bergen and start your journey from here. Notes on the formation of fjords and fjord-valleys. By this channel one can travel through a protected passage almost the entire 1,601 km (995 mi) route from Stavanger to North Cape, Norway. It is located in the Western Norwegian county of Sogn og Fjordane. It originates from the Norwegian Sea, which is part of the North Atlantic Ocean, and stretches 127 miles inland, all the way to Skjolden, which is a small village in the municipality of Luster. Fjords in Norway. Gregory's views were rejected by subsequent research and publications. [42], Some of these lakes were salt after the ice age but later cut off from the ocean during the post-glacial rebound. 6 Jan 2020. Tour length 15 days Price per day $571. The Sky to Fjord bike tour is £107 (0344 338 8605; hollandamerica.com). The mountainous country was weighed down by gigantic masses of ice. Norwegian fjords (prounounced f’yourd) are narrow inlets of the ocean between cliffs.They’re formed when glaciers retreat, allowing the sea to fill in the remaining space. As society has changed, small scale farming has become more and more difficult and as a result many of these settlements are seeing a declining population today. Rightfully dubbed the King of Fjords, the 127-mile Sognefjord — Norway’s largest and deepest — starts near a scatter of small islands and winds into dense, mountainous countryside. For around 100 kilometres the depth of the fjord is measured at more 1,000 metres. There are over 1,100 fjords of Norway, and they are famous all over the world for their epic natural beauty. [7] Glacial melting is accompanied by the rebounding of Earth's crust as the ice load and eroded sediment is removed (also called isostasy or glacial rebound). In all fjords there is an abundance of wildlife, from dolphins, seals, and porpoises to majestic birds and even reindeer. Morphology and sedimentology of deltas in fjord and fjord valley lakes. The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. The view from Kjerag plateau, Lysefjord, Norway. However, the mountains and villages surrounding the Norwegian fjords also offer many incredible sights and adventures. Salhusfjorden is a 4-kilometer long fjord and sound between Bergen Municipality and Alver Municipality in Vestland county, Norway. 5. There are dozens of operators throughout the country that offer fjord fishing excursions. Search for more papers by this author. Hanging valleys also occur under water in fjord systems. That makes Sognefjorden not only the longest fjord in Norway, but also the deepest in Europe. You can read more about my hike to the rock in 2015 here, Haugesund, Norway: All About This Coastal Norwegian City, Norway Sets Global Electric Car Record in 2020, Norway Landslide: Everything We Know So Far, Coronavirus in Norway: The Latest News on the COVID-19 Outbreak. Spectacular Scandinavia 2021 Destinations Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland Age Range 12 to 99 year olds Country Region Norwegian Fjords Travel Style Private, Group, Fully Guided, Relaxing +2 more Operator Scenic Luxury Cruises & Tours. The Sognefjord is the longest fjord in Norway with its 204 kilometers. The German use of the word Föhrde for long narrow bays on their Baltic Sea coastline, indicates a common Germanic origin of the word. The word is related to "to sunder" in the meaning of "to separate". [24][25], The Scandinavian fjord, Proto-Scandinavian *ferþuz, is the origin for similar Germanic words: Icelandic fjörður, Faroese fjørður, Swedish fjärd (for Baltic waterbodies), Scots firth. Many fjords are astonishingly deep; Sogn Fjord in Norway is 1,308 m (4,290 feet) deep, and Canal Messier in Chile is 1,270 m (4,167 feet). The geographical makeup of this fjord means it is a truly unforgettable experience should you choose to hike or take a cruise in the area. Image 1 of 21. 0 800 555 22 33 Stay In Touch: Subscribe Newsletter This word has survived only as a suffix in names of some Scandinavian fjords and has in same cases also been transferred to adjacent settlements or surrounding areas for instance Hardanger, Stavanger and Geiranger.[30][31]. So the use of Sound to name fjords in North America and New Zealand differs from the European meaning of that word. Facies characteristics, morphology and depositional models of clay-slide deposits in terraced fjord valleys, Norway. Such valleys are fjords when flooded by the ocean. The name is related to Norwegian word súg- "to suck", presumably from the surge or suction of the tidal currents at the mouth of the fjord. Relax Collection. About the World Heritage. "Fjord – Definition of fjord by Merriam-Webster", "What is a Fjord, and how is it formed... - Norway Today", "Geografiske forhold (Geography of Norway)", Institute of Marine Research: Coral reefs in Norway, Fiords – Underwater rock walls and basins, "The OED gives precedence to fi-. [19], New Zealand's fjords are also host to deep-water corals, but a surface layer of dark fresh water allows these corals to grow in much shallower water than usual. The innermost part of the fjord is located at the village of Frafjord in the municipality of Gjesdal. Like freshwater fjords, the continuation of fjords on land are in the same way denoted as fjord-valleys. Fjord Tours – erleben Sie Norway in a nutshell® mit einem Ticket. In Danish, the word may even apply to shallow lagoons. [17] At the end of the ice age Eastern Norway was about 200 m (660 ft) lower (the marine limit). Consistently voted as one of the world's top travel destinations, the fjords of Norway are high on the bucket list of almost everyone I speak with. Thresholds are related to sounds and low land where the ice could spread out and therefore have less erosive force. The steep mountains on either side of the fjord reach heights of 1100 metres (3608 feet) high, which makes for spectacular views. The English word ford (compare German Furt, Low German Ford or Vörde, in Dutch names voorde such as Vilvoorde, Ancient Greek πόρος, poros, and Latin portus) is assumed to originate from Germanic *ferþu- and Indo-European root *pertu- meaning "crossing point". Download Brochure View tour More information . When the ice cap receded and allowed the ocean to fill valleys and lowlands, and lakes like Mjøsa and Tyrifjorden were part of the ocean while Drammen valley was a narrow fjord. Furthermore, despite being in the fjords, it's possible to go deep-water fishing. Along the Norwegian coastline you can find more than 1000 fjords, many of them famous all over the world. In the deep fjords there is still fresh water from the summer with less density than the saltier water along the coast. Norway's largest … Embark on one our Norwegian fjords cruises and marvel at the spectacular landscapes, verdant mountains, and gushing waterfalls that surround you. Take a car, van or coach transfer up to Djupvasshytta hotel, where you’ll be fitted for a bike and helmet. In geology, a fjord or fiord (/ˈfjɔːrd, fiˈɔːrd/ (listen))[1] is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier. A hanging valley is a tributary valley that is higher than the main valley and was created by tributary glacier flows into a glacier of larger volume. But how much do you really know about Norway’s iconic scenery? The fjord is home to many waterfalls, of which, The Seven Sisters (De Syv Søstrene) are the most famous. [10], Hanging valleys are common along glaciated fjords and U-shaped valleys. In Norway fjords, you can hire a boat with a guide to explore the waters' hungry inhabitants. Located in western Norway, Nordfjord is favored for its perfect blend of incredible scenery, historic sites and wide range of fun activities. Fjord, also spelled fiord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley.Many fjords are astonishingly deep; Sogn Fjord in Norway is 1,308 m (4,290 feet) deep, and Canal Messier in Chile is 1,270 m (4,167 feet). Areas include: This article is about the landform. On the relationship of valley and fjord directions to the fracture pattern of Lyngen, Troms N. Norway. In the Finnish language, a word vuono is used although there is only one fjord in Finland. Trollfjord is a narrow 2 kilometre (1.2 mile) fjord located in the Nordland county in Norway's arctic circle. Landforms and uplift history of southern Norway. The name of Wexford in Ireland is originally derived from Veisafjǫrðr ("inlet of the mud flats") in Old Norse, as used by the Viking settlers—though the inlet at that place in modern terms is an estuary, not a fjord. Dark winters and Light summers? Along the British Columbia Coast, a notable fjord-lake is Owikeno Lake, which is a freshwater extension of Rivers Inlet. Terje Rakke. One of the most popular fjords is Geirangerfjord: its impressive overhang Dalsnibba dangles 4,600 feet above sea level. [37][38] Such lakes are also denoted fjord valley lakes by geologists. [12] Preglacial, tertiary rivers presumably eroded the surface and created valleys that later guided the glacial flow and erosion of the bedrock. Sognefjord has a maximum depth of 1,308 metres. The Oslofjord on the other hand is a rift valley, and not glacially formed. Fjords are long and narrow inlets flanked by steep sides or cliffs that were created by glaciers eroding mountains in their path. In Eidfjord, Eio has dug through the original delta and left a 110 m (360 ft) terrace while lake is only 19 m (62 ft) above sea level. Norway’s fjords have varying depths but the deepest fjord in Norway is Sognefjord, which measures at 1308 metres (4291 feet) from its basin to ground level. Chairs. Holtedahl, H. (1967). The verb “fare” (english “travel”) and the substantive “ferje” (english “ferry”) has the same origin. Examples of this confused usage follow. 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